Jerome Lee filed the suit Monday in federal court in Atlanta on behalf of the Association of Persons Concerned with HB 87. The suit describes the organization as a group lawyers, immigrants and civic organizations.
The suit names federal officials, including the president, as defendants. The U.S. Department of Justice did not immediately return a message seeking comment.
The federal government did sue to block implementation of a similar law in Arizona last year.
Civil liberties groups earlier this month filed a federal lawsuit asking a judge to declare the law unconstitutional and to block its enforcement.